14/15 April 2014 6CP with the support of the Dutch province of Noord-Brabant organized an international conference titled “Can policy follow the dynamics of global innovation platforms?” to explore policy options in view of the recent global innovation dynamics. The key question is how and under what conditions regions and countries can benefit from the development of global value chains.
The conference addressed the following questions:
1. How global is R&D&I now? Are there major differences between long term fundamental research and closer to market development, between public and private R&D?
2. In general linkages between fundamental or long term (public) R&D and location of production seem to be weak (e.g. in Netherlands Randstad vs. Southeast, in US Boston vs. the Lakes), whereas intra-firm linkages between R&D and production seem to have high impacts. What does this mean for R&D&I policies?
3. Are there boundaries to globalization of R&D&I?
4. How do the business tendencies to globalize have an impact on policy?
5. Building a knowledge driven service economy clearly has not succeeded in creating sufficient jobs in the US and in Europe (and we may expect major improvements in services productivity in the coming years, reducing employment opportunities even more).
6. Can demand driven policies have an impact? Could they create opportunities for local/regional integrated development? Or do they simply create demand for global producers, e.g. the case of solar panels, and thus reinforce the need for globalization?
7. How can R&D&I policies create conditions for the growth of production (and thus of jobs and welfare) in specific countries/regions?
The conference brought together state of the art thinking and research on the topic and was aimed at setting the agenda for future research and policymaking. Rather than academic papers, we have solicited position papers in which the authors/presenters summarize their perception of the problem followed by their views on future trends and policy options.